Topic 2: Sustainable development goals

When we investigate, the journey of sustainable development through the decades,  the concept of sustainable development was introduced by Brundtland Report, Our Common Future, of the United Nations World Commision on Environment and Development (WCED) of 1987

“Development that  meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs” (Brundtland Report, 1987)

Watch the video about history of Paris Agreement and future opportunities

On 25 September 2015, the UN General Assembly adopted the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development (SDGs) as a new global framework towards a sustainable world. The SDGs are complicated. The agreement comprises 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) raging from ending poverty to inclusive cities to sustainable fisheries, gender equality, climate action all comprehensive plan for the future of our world. The Global Goals make lives of billions of people are going to get better with no one left behind. The 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), specified by 169 specific targets and a common understanding that these global goals need to be treated as being interconnected and interdependent rather than handled separately  (Branth et al, 2023; UN 2022a) These goals are the product of a massive consolation exercise. A feature of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development is its universality and marking almost a paradigm shift in the thinking about global issues. Disciplinary education doesn’t help for dealing with these systemic risk we need interdisciplinary knowledge and research.  Especially, tackling the impact of climate change requires, technological solutions, behavioral or economic changes and corporate business models.

Diversity and climate are top priorities for chief executive officers and boards of directors, but almost none have considered how linking the two management priorities could accelerate their transition to net‑zero emissions. Gender equity and environmental sustainability are closely intertwined (OliverWyman Forum, 2021). Real progress on environmental sustainability requires solutions that also incorporate social sustainability, and in particular, gender equity.

Gender equality and the empowerment of women and girls will make a crucial contribution not only to economic development of the world, but to progress across all the goals and targets of the SDGs implementation. However,  significant gender gap has persisted throughout the years at all levels of science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) disciplines all over the world. Even though women have made tremendous progress towards increasing their participation in higher education, they are still under-represented in these fields.

Gender equality has always been a core issue for the United Nations.

Sustainable development is a holistic framework that puts together three basic pillars: economic development, including ending poverty; social inclusion, meaning bringing everybody along, gender equality, the rights of minority groups, reducing inequalities in society; and environmental sustainability.

On 14 March 2011, the Commission on the Status of Women adopted a report at its fifty-fifth session, with agreed conclusions on access and participation of women and girls in education, training and science and technology, and for the promotion of women’s equal access to full employment and decent work. On 20 December 2013, the General Assembly adopted a resolution on science, technology and innovation for development, in which it recognized that full and equal access to and participation in science, technology and innovation for women and girls of all ages is imperative for achieving gender equality and the empowerment of women and girls.