Topic 1: Intimacy between culture and technology

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The realization of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and the effectiveness of Sustainable Development Plans depend significantly on the adoption of innovative and contemporary ideas, as well as cutting-edge technologies. This is particularly crucial when addressing challenges like decarbonizing the economy to reduce the impacts of climate change. Information and communication technologies offer distinctive opportunities and solutions across various sectors, promoting enhanced transparency and efficiency when utilized effectively.

According to this reality, The UN 2030 Agenda states, “We resolve, between now and 2030, to end poverty and hunger everywhere; to combat inequalities within and among countries; to build peaceful and just, and inclusive societies; … and to promote gender equality and the empowerment of women and girls.” These goals also address the need to ensure the lasting protection of the planet and its natural resources.

Even equal representation  of Women and men is crucial to deal with polycrisis of today. However, UNESCO report found that the time it will take to close the worldwide gender gap has increased by a generation from 99.5 to 135.6 years in 2021.

The fourth industrial revolution, often referred to as Industry 4.0, is marked by remarkable technological advancements and a pervasive shift towards digitalization. The convergence of the physical, digital, and biological realms is occurring swiftly. While this era holds immense potential and excitement for the future, it is imperative that we progress in a unified and inclusive manner. Women should take a leading role in driving this revolution, and a commitment to equality is essential for its success.

Throughout human history, comprehension of the world, navigation through uncertainty, and the human perception of the universe have been shaped by the advancements in science and technology. In the 17th century, Newton’s Physics played a pivotal role, while the 18th century saw the dominance of Chemistry, particularly in the study of gases. The 20th century witnessed the domination of quantum physics, especially post-1905, and the subsequent decades highlighted the significance of biology, starting in the 1950s.

As we step into the 21st century, characterized by digitalization, it is clear our economy is set to be dominated by STEM industries at the heart of technology advancements, such as engineering and computer science. These fields collectively assume the role of an icebreaker, breaking through the uncertainties of our time.

Moreover, these industries are projected to foster the fastest growth and highest paid jobs of the future. Research  has found that a typical STEM worker already earns over double the amount of a non-STEM worker, and this trend is only set to continue.

All social changes starts with the creative tools that created by science and technology. One of the  life changing technology which is commonly known as the pill that one introduced in 1960 and this was the birth control pill that change the world for women. The pill was the instrument which for the first time in history women could assume their sexual identity without fear of unwanted pregnancies. The pill gives women control over their bodies and therefore their lives. 

In our radiply changing world, considering the competitive pressures of the labor market, out of empathy, women may pay more attention to anti-frustration ability, hoping themself will develop a good mindset from solving complex problems and dealing with failure, which are built into STEM programs. Anti-frustration ability is an individual’s ability to fight setbacks, including frustration endurance, frustration mediation, and growth in frustration, that is, an ability to endure, mediate and grow in frustration. 

Hence, as STEM industries take a critical role in our progression, it is crucial to transform the landscape, ensuring that women and girls stop to be a minority and are instead well-represented across all levels. The pressing need of the hour is to eradicate stereotypical biases in engineering and provide robust support for young girls aspiring to pursue studies and careers in STEM fields. In the European Union, a significant gender gap persists, with only approximately 19% of ICT specialists and one-third of STEM graduates being women.

Similar to the skilled trades sector, there are well-paid jobs in STEM, but women and girls remain underrepresented in the sector globally. Despite having the education to enter these sectors, women remain on the sidelines. In Canada, nearly half of male STEM graduates worked in a STEM occupation in 2006 (46.9%), while fewer than 3 in 10 women with STEM credentials worked in similar occupations (27.6%). This trend has persisted and was reflected in 2016 data, with the gap remaining around 19%.

According to relevant literature, the most important proposed reason for underrepresentation of women in STEM field is confidence gap. The confidence gap refers to the inclination of women to be less self-assured in their abilities compared to their male counterparts.   Finding from a study based on two decades worth of research supports the confidence gap.

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